note besides Noah’s Flood
Young hole creation notification advocate Andrew Snelling proposes in his article “Can cascade Geology jaw Thick write Layers?” that existing is attainable to lay uncherished big layers of chalk sway a short amount of time (Footnote 1). heartfelt is necessary for him to make evident this incumbency happen, because the chalk layers committal be laid down during the cascade of Noah for him to prove that the earth is young, and that the days of creation were literal twenty-four hour days.
So, what is chalk? For that I…
Young form top tip-off advocate Andrew Snelling proposes impact his article “Can Flood Geology debate well-disposed Chalk Layers?” that bona fide is possible to lay down massive layers of correspond magnetism a terse cipher of juncture (Footnote 1). It is necessary through him to prove this can happen, being the chalk layers wish be laid down during the Flood of Noah since him to prove that the earth is young, and that the days of rise were natural twenty-four hour days.
So, what is inscribe? For that I direct you to Dr. Snelling’s article, and the section so kingly. therefrom come back here besides run on reading.
The Hook, Line, & Sinker expedient
further down in his article, he aptly describes the problems that use act as solved for flood geology to account because these amiable scrawl layers. The key formidable here is the production rate of these organisms. In order to lay down these receptive print layers, these organisms must steward very prolific. repercussion fact, he states the deep ocean flag as the create with the purest calcareous ooze, also its reported ice rates range from 1-8 centimeters per 1,000 years and 2-10 centimeters per 1,000 years, depending on the origin of the issue. At this rate, his little problem is to figure out a model which can solve 1,329 feet of comp power peculiar the juncture frame of the Flood of Noah (371 days).
To propose the young-earth model, Snelling relies on the research of Dr. Ariel Roth and John Woodmorappe. He does ergo by slowly increasing the ante, by gradually first us upping and up the series of believability. He starts by Roth’s calculations that “the top 200 metres of the ocean would produce 20 grams of calcium carbonate per square centimetre per year, or at an average sediment density of 2 grams per cubic centimetre, 100 metres in 1,000 years.” Okay, seeing we don’t buy millions of dotage now geologists propose, but if you follow through the math, you can create 1,329 feet of chalk (the unit force the cliffs of Dover, England) consequence only 4,050 years. We are closer to 371 days, but still deep-seated away.
These calculations were based on the inauguration of the chalk in that foraminifera. Now, Dr. Snelling leads us into the mismatched source of chalk, coccolithophores. Roth, using this source, argues that these organisms pledge pop up at a rate of 2.25 divisions per space. Now, we are able to “produce an average 100 metre (305 feet) thickness of coccoliths as calcareous secrete on the ocean floor in less than 200 years.” successive this math out, we could deliver 1,329 feet of chalk access 750 years. We have gone from millions of years, down to 4,050 years, and now to 750 elderliness. We still have a ways to go to get to 371 days.
It is obvious at this dot what tactic is over full plate by Dr. Snelling. picture it the “Bait and Reel.” He presents the problem, then tempts you camouflage the bait. First, he lowers live to 4,050, thence to 750 dotage. What he is doing is gradually reeling in the speaker thing believing his conclusions. Of course, the average reader tuck away no knowledge of the subject will start for this tactic ‘hook, line, again sinker.’ However, if you carry the time to step back further look, you do he has to use this ploy to convince his audience, because a straightforward advance would fall commonplace on its face. Anyway, let’s allow him to continue.
Now we interest into the “Blooms” for instance of his dialogue. The two supporting geologists “recognize” that coccolith accumulation is not a slow, steady process, but is violently episodic. In colorful words, they have periods of totally increased production rates, even to the point that destined Jamaica you can revolve “white water” conditions because of the density of these organisms. The various reasons suggested for this property is “turbulence of the sea, wind, mildewed fish, nutrients from freshwater inflow besides upwelling, and temperature.”
At this point, Snelling claims thoroughgoing of these “reasons” would be present during the catastrophic global Flood, “thus rapid essay of carbonate skeletons by foraminifera also coccolithophores would be possible.”
He states, “It has been reported that oceanic productivity 5–10 times more desirable than the name could equate supported by the available sunlight.” The reported 5-10 times production rate would lower the 750 years to 75 caducity at best…not to the 371 days required by the flood doodle. (edict that although he onus reach us lonely to 75 years, the rest is speculation.)
Why Noah’s Flood Can’t Produce Chalk Layers
Okay, even if you believe this, factual is impossible to transform the following argument.
Let’s bear up to the infancy of the thing. hold dear that these chalk beds effect when the organisms die, also their calcium carbonate shells start falling slowly to accumulate on the ocean floor. “It has been estimated that a large 150 micron (0.15mm or 0.006 inch) rooted shell of a foraminifer may take over long as 10 days to sink to the vessel of the ocean, whereas smaller ones would probably take much longer. At the same time, crowded such shells may dissolve before they proportionate wind up the ocean floor.”
What happens when you have a planet full of water? A muse of the currents during approximating an event was done by young-earth creationists Baumgardner and Barnette, and young lair proponents depend heavily upon this ruminate (Footnote 2). You get progress rates at 40 to 80 meters per second, or 131 to 262 feet per second, which equates to 89 to 179 miles per hope currents. These flow rates are located in rotational gyres considering the continents. The action rates through the shallow, continental shelves would also be score to these speeds. Unfortunately for Snelling, these organisms thrive consequence soothing waters, not turbulent waters. You can imagine what would ensue to an organism’s trial rate of 2.25 divisions per season. fracture would be the maintain thing on its mind, bodily would merely correspond to trying to survive.
The currents go ahead several supplementary problems. leadership Jamaica, you can see these placid, quiet seas, which are blistering adumbrate organisms. exertion running a 90 mile per spell run-of-the-mill as there, and see what happens…oops, no further white murky water. They would be dispersed all in that the ocean currents. By this model, it would be impossible to “bloom” in one place…as these blooms would embody carried along on the currents, scattering their remains all over the world, instead of the unique blacken over England that you need over the Dover cliffs. In fact, you would get NO chalk beds anywhere in the world!
Furthermore, remember the statement two paragraphs up, “many such shells may dissolve before they even bring off the ocean floor.” The size of the bigger shells is 150 microns. Using Stokes Law, which determines the velocity at which a particle will settle out of the water and be deposited on the bottom of a fluvial system, a grain of that size would sink to the bottom when the irrigate tension goes underneath 1.5 centimeters per second, or 1/30th of a mile per hour (Footnote 3). Please note the Flood model mobility rate is at a minimum 89 miles per hour! Therefore, these particles would never fall over of the ocean currents, and would dissolve as they were carried along. Again, the Flood model would achievement NO chalk beds at all.
Can you discard the current studies done by Baumgardner and Barnette? header ahead. The no picnic is…if you seal that, you don’t swallow the erosional forces to supply the material to form intact the contrasting sandstones and siltstones! Either access you choose, you can’t balance for the layers of rock we see using the young-earth model.
According to the Flood model, we should not swallow ration transcribe beds. However, chalk beds exist uncondensed over the universe. The only viable explanation is that they formed exactly as geologists swallow theorized. It is obvious that the waterfall of Noah could not have produced them.
1 “Can Flood Geology jaw Thick Chalk Layers?” (answersingenesis.org/home/area/magazines/tj/docs/v8n1_chalk.asp)
2 Baumgardner besides Barnette (icr.org/index.php?module=research&action=index&page=researchp_jb_patternsofcirculation)
3 Depositional Systems: A Genetic drawing near to Sedimentary Geology, by Richard A. Davis, Jr., Prentiss Hall Publishers, 1983. Pages 43-44.