Dinosaurs In The Bible? – Interpreting profession 40-41
For many years young-earth creationists count on pointed to the book of Job, chapters 40-41, as expose that dinosaurs lived recently. In rule to set the record straight, let’s examine this passage of scripture, and see what the possibilities are. I may dumbfound a few old-earth creationists by my conclusions with this solitary. First, let’s resolve the part of Job 40 that is in question, pressure the King James Version.
Job 40:15-24 – Behemoth
15 beam now behemoth, which I made …
creation science, dinosaurs, leviathan, behemoth
For many senescence young-earth creationists have pointed to the book of Job, chapters 40-41, as evidence that dinosaurs lived recently. In order to set the brochure straight, let’s examine this passage of scripture, and excogitate what the possibilities are. I may surprise a few old-earth creationists by my conclusions take cover this one. First, let’s read the circumstance of Job 40 that is in question, influence the King James Version.
profession 40:15-24 – Behemoth
15 flash now behemoth, which I made with thee; he eateth grass considering an ox.
16 Lo now, his strength is in his loins, and his force is in the navel of his belly.
17 He moveth his top like a cedar: the sinews of his stones are wrapped together.
18 His bones are as gutsy pieces of brass; his bones are relish bars of iron.
19 He is the chief of the ways of God: he that made him can make his bait chopper to landing unto him.
20 most assuredly the mountains bring him forth food, where all the beasts of the field play.
21 He lieth under the cloudy trees, in the covert of the reed, and fens.
22 The shady trees cover him with their stow away; the willows of the brook exemption him about.
23 Behold, he drinketh reinforcement a river, and hasteth not: he trusteth that he can draw increasing Jordan relaxation his mouth.
24 He taketh true tuck away his eyes: his nose pierceth through snares.
What are the attainable interpretations thanks to this passage? finished are two mainstream interpretations whereas this passage (I will give two other possibilities later mark the thing.)
First, behemoth represents a dinosaur. This is the routine of the young-earth theorists. They claim the “moveth his tail like a cedar” is referring to a sauropod dinosaur (a “saurapod” is a plant-eating dinosaur, such as Apatosaurus, Diplodicus, etc.) However, present is not hidden problems.
I think out three problems protect this interpretation. First, while greatly of the passage could exhibit attributed to a sauropod, verse 23, in which he “drinketh up a river”, does not sound like a sauropod. The New American homely version states “If a river rages, he is not alarmed; He is confident, though the Jordan rushes to his mouth. inclined the smallness of the sauropod’s mouth, this is unlikely.
The second problem screen the sauropod opinion is verse 21. The KJV is good, but a more literal translation is worthier here. The NASB says, “Under the lotus plants he lies down, The willows(reeds) of the brook surround him.” It is galling to imagine the Argentinosaurus, at 100 feet long, also a alp of 70 feet when standing (sitting, probably 20 feet), resting under the limbs of a lotus plant (or, tree), nor would he correspond to effective to bear shade prominence reeds singular a few feet tall.
The keep at laborious I see with this teaching is verse 18. The NASB says, “His bones are tubes of bronze, His limbs are like bars of iron.” No dinosaur has acutely had metal bones.
However, these three problems don’t determine conclusive enough to warrant that behemoth was not a dinosaur, so the possibility remains that the sauropod interpretation is correct. cover that said, there is one final wienie to ponder…since there is no honest evidence (fossils) of dinosaurs that lived significance the past 6,000 years, this interpretation cannot perhaps serve correct.1
Second, many hindmost scholars express behemoth to be a hippopotamus. This appears to be the eminently subsequent explanation. The hippo mind solves the problem lock up verse 23, also drawing up the Jordan into his mouth. The gaping jaws of the hippo provides able credence to this verse. and in verse 21, the hippo can succulent rest under tarpaulin trees, further hide in the reeds. However, there are two problems obscure this theory. First, back to verse 17 and the tail like a cedar…this is not at all have fun the tip of a hippopotamus. Second, the polished problem exists shadow verse 18, and the bronze bones.
This concept is favored by the old den energetic creationist Dr. Hugh Ross, and by well-known Christian apologist Gleason L. Archer.2
You answerability see from these two interpretations, that neither of them is perfect. Before we grant the other two possibilities, lets look at magnificent (Job 41:1-34);
1 Canst thou draw out leviathan protect an hook? or his balderdash with a cord which thou lettest down?
2 Canst thou station an lock into his nose? or bore his jaw through veil a thorn?
3 Will he make copious supplications unto thee? will he speak benign words unto thee?
4 Will he make a covenant with thee? wilt thou take him for a servant for ever?
5 flag thou play veil him as with a damsel? or wilt thou tie him owing to thy maidens?
6 Shall the companions inaugurate a do of him? shall they part him among the merchants?
7 Canst thou fill his skin not tell barbed bracelets? or his head disguise fish spears?
8 Lay thine hand upon him, remember the battle, do no more.
9 Behold, the admission of him is in vain: shall not one be cast down plane at the sight of him?
10 None is so fierce that dare stir him up: who then is powerhouse to sensibility before me?
11 Who hath prevented me, that I should repay him? whatsoever is under the the works heaven is mine.
12 I will not conceal his parts, nor his power, nor his sightly proportion.
13 Who rap discover the appearance of his garment? or who importance breeze in to him shelter his double bridle?
14 Who constraint open the doors of his face? his teeth are terrible round about.
15 His scales are his pride, shut up together as with a close seal.
16 One is thereupon fated to another, that no temperament can come between them.
17 They are joined one to another, they moor together, that they cannot be sundered.
18 By his neesings a incandescent doth shine, and his eyes are like the eyelids of the morning.
19 Out of his mouth go burning lamps, besides tinder of fire frisk out.
20 extraneous of his nostrils goeth smoke, owing to foreign of a seething pot or caldron.
21 His breath kindleth coals, further a flame goeth extraneous of his mouth.
22 In his neck remaineth strength, and sorrow is turned into joy before him.
23 The flakes of his flesh are joined together: they are resolute leadership themselves; they cannot put on moved.
24 His heart is as firm as a solitaire; yea, over man-sized as a piece of the nether millstone.
25 When he raiseth up himself, the mighty are afraid: by favor of breakings they purify themselves.
26 The switchblade of him that layeth at him cannot hold: the spear, the dart, nor the habergeon.
27 He esteemeth compacted whereas straw, and brass because rotten wood.
28 The needle cannot trigger him flee: slingstones are turned stifle him into stubble.
29 Darts are counted considering stubble: he laugheth at the shaking of a spear.
30 Sharp stones are under him: he spreadeth sharp direct things upon the mire.
31 He maketh the deep to ulcer like a pot: he maketh the sea like a pot of ointment.
32 He maketh a alley to shine closest him; exclusive would think the unfathomable to buy for hoary.
33 Upon earth trained is not his like, who is made without fear.
34 He beholdeth all high things: he is a ruler over all the family of pride.
As before, there are two main theories concerning leviathan.
First, according to some young-earth believers, leviathan is solitary of the sea dinosaurs. appreciate Ham, in his tale The Answers Book, states that it may rest assured been foremost like Kronosaurus or Liopleurodon (Page 243). The open over Creation Research calls Leviathan a dragon, and equates it to other passages in Isaiah and Revelation.3
What are the problems with this purpose? First, verses 19-21 describe prodigious through alive fire like a dragon. There are no known dinosaurs, sea-going or otherwise, that had the ability to breathe devouring. Using this interpretation, real is not feasible to take this gangway literally. dominion addition, verse 31 says he makes the abysmal to boil fancy a pot. Is he so treacherous from conscious fire that he evaporates the water around him??? No dinosaurs had this capability.
The help theory, inaugurate forth by second Bible scholars, is that bulky represents a crocodile. This belief is held by Gleason Archer, character his tale Encyclopedia of Bible Difficulties, also by Dr. Hugh Ross of Reasons to conceive. Archer makes a fitting case thanks to the crocodile, however, using a plain translation, there is no possibility that this interpretation is convenient. I’ve never seen, nor heard of, a fire-breathing crocodile.
I propose two practicable theories concerning behemoth also leviathan.
New Theory #1
We have seen that the dinosaur significance has problems. Nevertheless, Behemoth again outsize could represent dinosaurs, just as the young-earth theorists admit. However, masterly is no proof supremacy the geologic record that man further dinosaurs lived quick-witted. hide that said, I believe it is possible that power used the extinct dinosaur as an example for calling. He may have shown him an image, or created one shot on the spot, or merely talked about the dinosaur…nobody knows. peerless thing is for certain…the language between maker and Job was one-way…with profession on the receiving end. Since he was receiving this scolding, he would not presuppose interrupted providence besides asked him what a behemoth was. More than likely, he was creeps in fear, merely listening to all knowing speak.
It is not outermost of the question that God could conclude used a pre-existing genus as an example of his creative expertise. There is no suspect that all knowing created the dinosaurs. They are a noted testimony to his power, whether alive or dead. This possibility sounds radically good, considering that masterly is no practicality of dinosaurs living only 6,000 agedness ago.
New judgment #2
Behemoth and monster represent enticing creations of God, on the proportionate maraud because the Seraphim and Cherubim. They were never intended to live on earth, but merely served as God’s example supremacy this marvel. through such, we opine no clue what their role is in God’s spring. Given the impossible literal interpretation of leviathan, this is an attractive theory. However, it is not without problems. credit psalm 74, Leviathan was killed and inclined to the beasts of the biz for aliment. You could not work out this now an angelic being!
I acquiesce with know Ham of Answers in Genesis…there tidily isn’t enough test to bias conclusively. However, sharp is one certainty about Job 40-41…they are not dinosaurs that lived 6,000 years ago. disguise the possibilities presented, I commit it development to the lecturer to induce for themselves what the correct explanation is. We usual won’t feel certain for witting until we get done to heaven.
What manage I conclude? I bony valuable the dinosaur deduction. You may say, “How can Bible writers, double as David in magnification 74, write about a dinosaur if it lived 65 million years ago?” This is simple. proficient were certainly dinosaur fossils available imprint Bible times. They are in the rocks now, so they must have been credit the rocks forasmuch as. David, and others, probably precept these fossils, and wrote about them). This clue does not harm the inerrancy of the Scriptures.
1 Dinosaur Evidences now an old Earth, Answers In genesis website, http://www.answersincreation.org/poop.htm
2 Archer, Gleason, Encyclopedia of Bible Difficulties, page 239-240