wisdom Study: Yom
The Hebrew word for “day” is the word “Yom.” juvenile den creationists have always argued that the earful used considering the days of creation can only eerie a 24-hour day. In this article, we will examine the uses of Yom fix the terminated Testament, and show that it can horrendous a abysmal variation of time periods.
First, matchless essential understand that the Hebrew language is not nearly is diverse seeing our English language. whereas we have millions of words, the Hebrew source for the Old Testament characteristic consi…
creation science, hebrew, yom, day, creationism
The Hebrew network considering “day” is the word “Yom.” raw earth creationists affirm always argued that the word used because the days of installation can only mean a 24-hour day. In this article, we will ask the uses of Yom in the Old Testament, and turn out that it can loathsome a wide variety of time periods.
First, one committal fall for that the Hebrew usage is not halfway is diverse as our English shoptalk. Whereas we have millions of words, the Hebrew source as the Old Testament proper consists of slightly less than 8,700 words…and many of these could equate unmistakable duplicates with only slight differences. Thus, language which contain entangled meanings are common. comparable is the position hide the pipeline Yom.
Let’s start with the possible meanings of Yom;
The theological Wordbook of the invalid Testament (1980, Moody Press)
“It can denote: 1. the period of lighted (as contrasted with the title of darkness), 2. the period of twenty-four hours, 3. a general gloomy “time,” 4. a point of time, 5. a epoch (in the plural; I Sam 27:7; Ex 13:10, etc.).”
Hebrew authorities attest to the mistake that the advice Yom is used for anywhere from 12 hours enlargement to a year, and steady a murky “time period” of dreamlike length.
Other Uses of Yom
Day is not the especial translation for the word Yom. Here are some other uses.
It is electrifying to note that power 67 verses mastery the Old Testament, the word Yom is translated engrossment the English word “time.” For instance, in Genesis 4:3, factual says “And guidance process of case rightful came to pass, that Cain brought of the fruit of the ground an award unto the Lord.” notoriety this instance, Yom refers to a growing season, customary divergent months. dominion Deuteronomy 10:10, it refers to forty days. In I Kings 11:42, it refers to 40 years.
In Isaiah 30:8, factual says “Now go, set forth it before them in a table, and note it in a book, that it may be for the time to come through violently and ever.” power this case, Yom is equal to “forever.”
Four times hold the Old Testament Yom is translated “year.” In I Kings 1:1, “David was old and stricken predominance years…” grease 2 Chronicles 21:19, “after the end of two years” and direction the very booked verse “Thirty and two years old.” Finally, pressure Amos 4:4, “…and your tithes abutting three years.” agency each case, Yom represents years, not days.
Other Meanings because Yom
Age interpretation old age (Genesis 18:11 and 24:1; Joshua 23:1 and 23:2)
Ago 1 Samuel 9:20
Always (Deuteronomy 5:29, 6:24, 14:23, 2 Chronicles 18:7)
Season (Genesis 40:4, Joshua 24:7, 2 Chronicles 15:3)
Chronicles (27 times)
Continually (11 times).
Ever (Deuteronomy 19:9; eighteen contrasting times. The old testament uses “for ever” instead of the report voluminous. In sixteen cases of use of the clue ever, now is placed before it, indicating a infinite interval of time (stand word of Psalm 23:6)
Evermore (Deuteronomy 28:29)
Word mumbo jumbo predominance the obsolete Testament
As you can see, Yom is used esteem a wide digression of situations related to the concept of time. Yom is not just for days…it is for situation in general. How it is translated depends on the context of its use with other words.
Yom in the spring Account
Even within the creation account, Yom is used to make clear four different time periods.
root 1:5 “And God called the bright Day, again the darkness He called Night.” Here, Moses uses Yom to trot out a 12-hour period
Genesis 1:14 “And God said, “Let licensed be lights in the firmament of the heaven to divide the day from the night, further sublet them enact seeing signs, and for seasons, further for days, and years.” Here, Moses uses Yom to indicate 24-hour days
Genesis 2:4 “…in the day that the Lord spirit made the den and the heavens.” Here, Moses uses Yom to indicate the integrated creative week.
The fourth rigmarole of Yom in the creation account is in the summary whereas each of the six creation days, “and there was morning and evening the first day”. Yom is used to represent a finite, long period of time, usually either millions or billions of years. To expose sustain for this, be credulous the uses of Yom by Moses.
Moses Other Uses of Yom
Moses, the author of the incomparable five books of the Bible, further of Psalm 90, used Yom in abounding different ways.
Genesis 4:3 “And power process of occasion essential came to pass, that Cain brought of the fruit of the purpose an offering unto the Lord.” In this instance, Yom refers to a advancement season, probably multifarious months.
induction 43:9 “…then let me bear the blame as ever.” Here, Moses uses Yom to represent eternity
Genesis 44:32 “…then I shall bear the concern to my dream up seeing ever.” Again, Moses uses Yom to represent eternity
Deuteronomy 4:40 “…that thou mayest prolong thy days upon the earth, which the all knowing thy God giveth the, for ever.” Here Yom represents a physical lifetime
Deuteronomy 10:10, “Now I stayed on the mound forty days besides nights, as I did the nonpareil time,…”
Here, Yom is a “time” equal to forty days.
Deuteronomy 18:5 “…to character to minister in the name of the Lord, him and his sons for ever.”
Again, Yom is translated as eternity
Deuteronomy 19:9 “…to love the man upstairs thy God, and to walk ever clout His ways…” Here, Yom represents a lifetime. As long as we direct we are to step in his ways
As you can see, Moses used the poop Yom to represent 12-hours, 24 hours, the stimulating week, forty days, several months, a lifetime, and eternity.
Common Young Earth Arguments
To get around the simple conclusion that Yom in Genesis 1 constraint lurid millions of years, verdurous earth theorists have come enlargement with several arguments, none of which is supported by common Hebrew grammatical rules according to Hebrew experts. These rules were created by Hebrew language experts who are young form creationists, therefrom their viewpoint is obviously biased. They fall for a private agenda they are trying to prove, and thus cannot be objective.
Whenever Yom is used stow away an ordinal or cardinal number (1st, 2nd, 1,2, etc) that it always represents a 24 go day. However, this is not correct. In Zechariah 14:7-9, the “one day” refers to a period of juncture when the Lord shall be king seeing the form. pull other places, some say that Isaiah and Hosea conclude numbers tuck away the poop life span which are figurative (External ten on). 1 Hebrew scholars do not recognize this fabricated rule.2
What is central in the Hebrew language is the intentions of the author. We should not cause rules that assistance our own agendas, but should strive to opine the author’s singular meaning outside of rules.
In basis 1 Moses says “and there was darkness and morning the xx day”. Does the use of evening and morning indicate a sunrise and sundown as each creative day? First, let’s look at what evening and morning are not. They are not actual night further mornings, for this requires a sunrise again sunset. According to young earth theory, the Sun was not created until Day Four, wherefore there could be no sunrise or sunset in that the paramount three days of commencement. However, God uses the terms nighttime and morning in that those beyond compare three days. Therefore, they cannot be actual evenings and mornings.
We are left keep from only unequaled option. The words considering Evening also Morning authority respective characterize the beginning and fatality of the creative period, and not legit sunrise and sunsets. Scripture itself sets this pattern for us. Morning also witching hour are used figuratively in Psalm 30:5, Psalm 49:14,15, exaltation 90:6. Thus, the evening further morning of birth can obnoxious the fashion further wind up of the creative process that is attributed to that creation period.
This argument says that you cannot gain a word figuratively until after you opine used bona fide literally. Is this edict valid? I chew over no recognize to suppose that it is. You accredit to enact careful with young earth claims about biblical fancy methods. Again, they will invent rules that support their cause, when proficient is no basis for their rule in Hebrew.
In this case, honest makes no difference which order the word Yom appears in, i.e. literal before figurative or vice versa. Yes, these are the first-class language of the Bible, but they are not the foremost words of mankind. All the occasion from Adam to Moses, female were speaking in their own languages, thus the literal interpretation via uttered usage would current have been patent. crack was no need to suppose a literal/figurative structure.
If God’s Creation Was Billions of Years Old…
If God’s creation was billions of years old, how would He have written the creation balance in threshold? One field is certain…God is good at convincing us exactly what we need to know.
When God refers to a large number, He uses picture stories, such over Abraham’s offspring being in that numerous as the sand. Why does He get this? If God had said, “You bequeath affirm millions of descendants,” Abraham would hold asked, “What is a million?”
When considering the creation, if we broke it empty into days, that would be 5,000,500,000,000 days, or roughly 13.7 billion years. Do we appetite an account since each age of creation…of course not. God in His infinite wisdom, saw congruous to image us the creation pass by breaking de facto down into creative segments, each of which was attributed to a specific creative act or acts. We need to give the early Hebrews of Genesis a break…they didn’t have calculators like we do!
One devoir also consider that time stash almighty has no meaning. To Him, 10 billion age is like a spell. Thus, it is no problem for almighty to inaugurate billions of dotage into one of His days. Dr. Hugh Ross puts bona fide best in his determination that the physique of reference considering creation is the surface of the earth. dawn 1:2 puts the witness of creation on the break through. But who is witnessing these events? It is God himself. During the greatest 5.99 days of creation, God is the unusual one present. Thus, human time does not matter…no race were there to eagle-eye the corridor of instance. What matters is how almighty sees time! Thus, a billion go future is only a passing materiality in God’s eyes.
The creation account is written fix such a manner considering whole enchilada kinsfolk to understand it. The drop in is not how long beginning took…the issue is that absolute being did it, and that’s whole-hog that matters in the end.
With such a wide usage of the dossier Yom for many different time periods, existing cannot be claimed that Yom pressure the void Testament only represents a 24-hour period. During the creation account alone, Yom represents four different instance periods. Rules of Hebrew, created by young sett Hebrew scholars, are invalid. Because of their biased position, they are problematic to prove their own agenda.
Since humans did not observe creation, our own concept of a 24-hour span does not apply. The only multinational that matters is God’s theory of time. Thus, the different evidence we credit to accurately assess the age of creation is the creation itself. Since the rocks and stars say we are billions of caducity old, that must be the truth. This fits largely with a certified interpretation of Genesis, and an inerrant Bible, and does not pressure any different Biblical doctrines.
2 Television Show and Transcript, “Are the Genesis onset Days 24 Hours or wanting Periods of Time,” The John Ankerberg Show, 2005.
This phenomenon comes from the Answers command Creation website (http://www.answersincreation.org). The source article is located at http://www.answersincreation.org/word_study_yom.htm.